Julius Henry Marx (October 2, 1890 – August 19, 1977), better known by his stage name Groucho Marx, was a Jewish-American comedian who worked both with his brothers in the Marx Brothers act and independently.
Marx was the third child of a German-Jewish family that had immigrated to New York. Groucho and his brothers grew up in the East Harlem neighborhood, influenced by the Irish, German, and Italian immigrant communities. Their family was one of artists, and their parents encouraged their talents from a young age. Groucho played the guitar.
Groucho Marx's distinctive physical features were his mustache and glasses. He became famous for his rapid and witty speech, highbrow jokes, and self-deprecating humor.
His involvement with the Marx Brothers, during the years 1905–1949, is elaborated upon in the dedicated article about them.
In 1947, the Marx Brothers began to pursue separate careers. After appearing on a radio program with Bob Hope, Groucho started hosting a comedy quiz show titled "You Bet Your Life," which aired on the radio from 1947 to 1951 and on television from 1951 to 1961.
The quiz show was considered groundbreaking in the realm of television entertainment. In 1959, Groucho published his memoir "Groucho and Me," and in 1964, he authored a novel titled "Memoirs of a Mangy Lover."
The phrase "Whatever it is, I'm against it," associated with Groucho Marx, reflects his approach, as he famously said, "I don't want to belong to any club that would accept me as a member."
Groucho Marx left an indelible mark on American comedy and entertainment with his unique wit and humor, making him one of the most iconic figures in the history of comedy.
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